Outline of the Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability

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Summary for Policymakers
Technical Summary
PART A: GLOBAL AND SECTORAL ASPECTS
Context for the AR5

Ch. 1 — Point of departure
Ch. 2 — Foundations for decisionmaking

Natural and Managed Resources and Systems, and Their Uses

Ch. 3 — Freshwater resources
Ch. 4 — Terrestrial and inland water systems
Ch. 5 — Coastal systems and low-lying areas
Ch. 6 — Ocean systems
Ch. 7 — Food production systems and food security

Human Settlements, Industry, and Infrastructure

Ch. 8 — Urban Areas
Ch. 9 — Rural Areas
Ch. 10 — Key economic sectors and services

Human Health, Well-Being, and Security

Ch. 11 — Human health
Ch. 12 — Human security
Ch. 13 — Livelihoods and poverty

Adaptation

Ch. 14 — Adaptation needs and options
Ch. 15 — Adaptation planning and implementation
Ch. 16 — Adaptation opportunities, constraints, and limits
Ch. 17 — Economics of adaptation

Multi-Sector Impacts, Risks, Vulnerabilities, and Opportunities

Ch. 18 — Detection and attribution of observed impacts
Ch. 19 — Emergent risks and key vulnerabilities
Ch. 20 — Climate-resilient pathways: adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development

PART B: REGIONAL ASPECTS  

Ch. 21 — Regional context

Regional Chapters

Ch. 22 — Africa
Ch. 23 — Europe
Ch. 24 — Asia
Ch. 25 — Australasia

Regional Chapters (continued)

Ch. 26 — North America
Ch. 27 — Central and South America
Ch. 28 — Polar Regions
Ch. 29 — Small Islands
Ch. 30 — Open Oceans

Appendices

 

Table of Content

Summary for Policymakers

Technical Summary

Each sectoral and regional chapter will include a standard set of topics that are referred to as [CONTEXT] in each chapter outline:

  • Observed impacts, with detection and attribution
  • Projected integrated climate change impacts, with regional variation by scenario and time slice
  • Assessing impacts, vulnerabilities, and risks
    • Vulnerabilities to key drivers (including extremes)
    • Economic, social, and environmental context for uncertain futures under alternative development pathways
    • Multiple interacting stresses
    • Uncertainty
    • Valuation of impacts and adaptation
    • Key vulnerabilities
  • Adaptation and managing risks
    • Adaptation needs and gaps (based on assessed impacts and vulnerabilities)
    • Practical experiences of adaptation, including lessons learned
    • Observed and expected barriers to adaptation
    • Observed and expected limits to adaptation
    • Facilitating adaptation and avoiding maladaptation
    • Planned and autonomous adaptation
    • Potential and residual impacts
    • Thresholds and irreversible changes
  • Case studies
  • Research and data gaps

Each chapter will include an executive summary, FAQs, and references

PART A: GLOBAL AND SECTORAL ASPECTS

    Context for the AR5
  1. Point of departure
    • The setting
    • Major conclusions of WGII AR4
    • Major conclusions of Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
    • Major conclusions of WGI AR5
  2. Foundations for decisionmaking
    • Key concepts
    • Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerabilities on a range of scales
    • Assessing impacts, vulnerabilities, and risks
      • Multi-metric valuation
      • Treatment of uncertainty
      • Key vulnerabilities
    • Managing risks
    • Climate-resilient pathways: adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development interactions
  3. Natural and Managed Resources and Systems, and Their Uses
  4. Freshwater resources
    • Diversity of world water resources and their sensitivity to climate change
      [CONTEXT]
    • Cryosphere
    • Interactions among water resources, human activities, and the built environment
    • Water management, water security, and sustainable development
  5. Terrestrial and inland water systems
    • Diversity of world ecosystems and their sensitivities to climate change: from the mountains to the coast, from the tropics to the poles
      • Intensively managed systems: forestry, fiber, and fuel production
      • Wildlands and extensively managed systems
      • Protected and conservation areas
        [CONTEXT] {for each ecosystem}
    • Ecosystem services
    • Interactions among ecosystems; land use, land-use change and forestry; and other human activities
    • Vulnerability of carbon pools, bio-energy implications, and carbon management potentials
    • Threats to human activities, infrastructure, and biodiversity
  6. Coastal systems and low-lying areas
    • Diversity of world ecosystems and their sensitivities to climate change
      [CONTEXT] {for each ecosystem}
    • Ecosystem services
    • Interactions among ecosystems, human activities, and the built environment
    • Sea-level rise, changes in coastal dynamics, and threats to human activities, infrastructure, agriculture, and biodiversity
  7. Ocean systems
    • Diversity of world ecosystems and their sensitivities to climate change
      [CONTEXT] {for each ecosystem}
    • Ecosystem services
    • Water property changes, including temperature and ocean acidification
    • Interactions between ecosystems and human activities
    • Threats to human activities and biodiversity
  8. Food production systems and food security
    • Food production: farming, livestock, and fisheries and their sensitivities to climate
      [CONTEXT]
    • Food systems: processing, distribution, and access
    • Food security and the means to achieve it
  9. Human Settlements, Industry, and Infrastructure
  10. Urban Areas
      [CONTEXT]
    • Urbanization processes, sustainable habitats, and climate change risks
    • Urban micro-climates, including urban heat islands
    • Civic services and infrastructure
    • Housing and settlements
    • Economic base
    • Development plans and development pathways, including social capital
    • Urban planning, management, and governance
    • Landscape and regional interconnections
  11. Rural Areas
      [CONTEXT]
    • Landscape and regional interconnections (including migration)
    • Housing and settlements
    • Economic base and livelihoods
    • Infrastructure
    • Social capital and resilience
  12. Key economic sectors and services
      [CONTEXT]
    • Networked infrastructure, including transportation, energy, water, and sanitation
    • Industry and manufacturing
    • Tourism
    • Social and other economic services
    • Market impacts (supply chains, systemic risks, and insurance)
      {Food production, building on Chapter 7}
  13. Human Health, Well-Being, and Security
  14. Human health
      [CONTEXT]
    • Determinants of health: current and future trends
    • Health outcomes and their sensitivity to climate change
      • Extreme events
      • Air quality
      • Foodborne and waterborne diseases
      • Vectorborne and zoonotic diseases
      • Malnutrition
    • Water quality, availability, and sanitation
    • Children and other vulnerable populations
    • Health inequalities, gender, and marginalized populations
  15. Human security
      [CONTEXT]
    • Social and economic activities, including employment
    • Education
    • Inequalities, gender, and marginalized populations
    • Culture, values, and society
    • Indigenous peoples
    • Local communities
    • Local and traditional knowledge
    • Migration and population displacement
    • Conflict
    • Community resilience
  16. Livelihoods and poverty
      [CONTEXT]
    • Chronic and transient poverty
    • Effects of climate change responses on poverty
    • Interactions between climate change and poverty-reduction initiatives
    • Inequalities, gender, and marginalized populations
  17. Adaptation
  18. Adaptation needs and options
    • Synthesis of adaptation needs and options
    • International, national, and sectoral assessments, including National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs)
    • Measuring adaptation
    • Addressing maladaptation
  19. Adaptation planning and implementation
    • Local, national, regional, and global strategies, policies, and initiatives
    • Technology development, transfer, and diffusion
    • Financing for adaptation
    • Insurance and social protection
    • Knowledge sharing, learning, and capacity building
    • Institutional arrangements: public- and private-sector stakeholders and priorities
    • Links between adaptation and development
    • Decision support tools and methods
    • Adaptation status and indicators
  20. Adaptation opportunities, constraints, and limits
    • Cross-sectoral synthesis
    • Limits to adaptation, including ethical dimensions and resources
    • Interactions among limits
    • Effects of alternative mitigation pathways on adaptation
    • Ancillary social and ecological effects of adaptation
  21. Economics of adaptation
    • Adaptation costs and benefits at global, national, sectoral, and local levels
    • Inter-relationships between adaptation costs and residual damage
    • Economic instruments to provide incentives
    • Using market-based approaches for adaptation decisionmaking
    • Ancillary economic effects
  22. Chapters 14-17 will include case studies of, e.g., Least Developed Countries, indigenous peoples, and other vulnerable countries and groups Multi-Sector Impacts, Risks, Vulnerabilities, and Opportunities
  23. Detection and attribution of observed impacts
    • Integration of observed impacts across sectors and regions
    • Attribution of observed impacts across sectors and regions
  24. Emergent risks and key vulnerabilities
    • Multiple interacting systems and stresses
    • Indirect impacts, transboundary impacts, and impacts over longer distances
    • Key vulnerabilities, aggregate impacts, thresholds, irreversible changes, and reasons for concern
  25. Climate-resilient pathways: adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development
    • Multi-metric valuation
    • Ecosystem services and biodiversity threats
    • Consumption patterns, lifestyles, behavior, culture, education, and awareness
    • Human well-being
    • Adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development, including tradeoffs and co-benefits

PART B: REGIONAL ASPECTS

{Subtitle: Contribution of IPCC WGII Incorporating Inputs from IPCC Working Group I "The Physical Science Basis" and Working Group III "Mitigation of Climate Change"}

 

This part will include analyses of consistently defined sub-regions and crossregional hotspots (e.g., Mediterranean, megadeltas), based on the availability of regional information.

 

Chapter structure (22-30)

  1. Regional context
    • Introduction
    • Information on observed climate changes and relevant non-climate factors
    • Regional projections: added value and limitations
    • Similarities and pertinent differences in systems across regions
    • Cross-regional hotspots
  2. Regional Chapters
  3. Africa
  4. Europe
  5. Asia
  6. Australasia
  7. North America
  8. Central and South America
  9. Polar Regions
  10. Small Islands
  11. Open Oceans
    • Introduction
    • Major conclusions from previous assessments
      [CONTEXT] {with sub-regional information}
    • Adaptation and mitigation interactions
    • Inter- and intra-regional impacts
    • Multi-sector synthesis

Appendix I: Glossary

Appendix II: Acronyms

Appendix III: Contributors to the IPCC WGII Fifth Assessment Report

Appendix IV: Reviewers of the IPCC WGII Fifth Assessment Report

Index

Background

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